Migratory pressures in Europe

migration crisis 6

    The search for safety, dignity and a better life is the main reason due to which people are leaving their homes as their countries are affected with persecution, extreme poverty, conflicts and climate change. More than 1 million refugees and migrants have arrived in the European Union, the large majority of them fleeing from war and terror in Syria and other troubled countries. Thousands of persons have died attempting to reach the EU. Almost 90% of the refugees and migrants have paid organized criminals and smugglers to get them across borders. It is even that Europe has received more legal immigrants than the US. The migration issue has surfaced to portray significant repercussions for European governments and the EU. Europe has systematically tried to impose a system of deterrence that closes borders and outsources border control to neighboring countries. However, Europe’s approach has failed to adequately support people who have arrived onto the European shores and help them provide human dignity. Since 2015, Germany and Sweden along with other Western countries have realized the European solidarity in accepting more refugees than the rest of EU combined.  It is to this point that countries in Central and Eastern European are particularly vocal opponents, fearing that the newly arrived migrants and refugees, many of whom are Muslim, could alter the primarily Christian identities of their countries and of Europe. Should Europe start detaining the asylum and vulnerable seekers and refuges when trying to impose border restrictions within the EU’s frontier regions such as Bulgaria, Romania, Cyprus, Greece, Italy and Spain?  Within the European Union, the agenda on the migration issue among the leaders has created deep division involving with populist movements due to taking advantage of the fears and tensions stirred up by this phenomenon. European leaders believe that enhancing even further the border control would help regain with success the control as the flow of migrants to drop dramatically. It is clear that Germany, Sweden and other Western countries are the hotspots for migrants and refugees to seek a new life with good resettlement, but these countries start to feel worn out in providing assistance to them while the Eastern European countries clearly do not provide any of these to them. The anxieties regarding of their fear and tensions, Europe should be open to refugees and migrants to integrate freely into the European culture and societies. It is true that Europe needs immigration as an injection of youth and dynamism as it helps to provide input for economic growth and help to offset unfavorable demographic development (such as aging populations and shrinking workforces). My point is that Eastern European countries such as Bulgaria, Romania, Croatia, Slovakia, Hungary, Poland, Bosna and Herzegovina, Serbia and others should be involved in accepting and helping to provide resettlement with asylum to all refugees and migrants. It is all about having to involve a balance within all European member states and helping each other to cope in regaining the migration pressure under control.  A fundamental change is needed in the EU’s approach to migration – one that respects international law and human rights, expands safe and regular routes for people to travel to Europe, implements fair, transparent and efficient asylum procedures, and ensures development aid is used for reducing poverty and inequality, not for reducing mobility. To my point, I reiterate of abiding by the principle that people must not be sent back to countries where they may face torture, prosecution or threats to their life. It is important for the European Union to commit with political will in building a single asylum and migration system that establishes safe and legal means of migration.

Immigration ban in the US

 

    Protestors Rally At JFK Airport Against Muslim Immigration Ban 

    Donald Trump is democratically elected president and the United States is a democracy. But the experts, lawyers and scholars caution that the revised immigration ban imposed by the current president in the US shows xenophobic policy towards Muslim and it is blatantly discriminatory. He has effectively shut America’s door to anyone- including refugees from Syria, Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan and Yemen. These six countries have two main things in common: they are predominantly Muslim, and many of their citizens are trying to seek asylum abroad to escape serious human rights violations like persecution, indiscriminate bombing, and torture. Does Donald Trump’s Immigration ban breach international law?  This ban definitely is illegal and “mean spirited”. The experts question the point that the more this law is going to attempt to increase deportation, then the greater the extent of profiling is going to be. Clearly, Trump’s order appears to pose violation accordingly to the several international treaties ratified by the US as well as some provisions of which have been incorporated into the US law and is cited as binding by the US Supreme Court. Every country as is stated accordingly to the Status of Refugees and other international human rights law that it has the obligation to protect refugees against abuses and those facing persecution. So, to this point, it is required as is stated in the UN Refugee Convention that the US provide protection and safe haven to those that face persecution.  Accordingly to the news published in the New York Times, it is said that the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has estimated about 20, 000 refugees from all over the world would be definitely affected immediately by this ban. My point is that the long-standing U.S. policy of welcoming refugees has generally created win-win situation in which it has saved the lives of the most vulnerable people in the world and have turn enriched and strengthened their new societies with better lifestyle having good job, educational and health care access. It provided positive outcome and otherwise it is proven to show that illegal or legal immigration truly bring real benefits to the supply side of the Americans. Many economists and lawmakers agree that immigration definitely is beneficial and brings good results for the economy as well as it is the source of labor-force growth. Removing the 7 million unauthorized workers or illegal immigrants would reduce the employment as stated in an article as it is to be by an amount similar to that experienced during the Great Recession. The US being as democratically representative country, it should therefore respect the international law as well as the US law about immigration and refugee status and continue welcoming people from other countries and share in the responsibility of welcoming and resettling those who flee oppression. We need to challenge everything that represents in this immigration ban.